Ensure the mother performs the natural duties
Each puppy will come out in a placental membrane that the mother should tear open before she severs the umbilical cord. After this, she should begin licking the bulldog puppy to stimulate its breathing.
If she neglects to perform these actions, then you’ll need to do it to save the puppy.
- The membrane has enough oxygen for a few minutes, so you don’t have to act immediately, but pay close attention. If you must do it, tear the sac close to the puppy’s head and peel it until you can easily remove the puppy.
- Fish any mucus or other fluids from the puppy’s mouth and nose, and then rub the puppy with a warm clean towel to stimulate breathing and circulation.
Tie off the umbilical cord
Use the unwaxed dental floss to tie off the umbilical cord roughly two inches from the puppy’s abdomen, and iodine along the cut to help avoid the puppy developing any infections.
Allow the puppies to nurse
Puppies should nurse from the mother very shortly after birth. Suckling at this point provides the puppies colostrum, which is like milk, but it also contains antibodies from the mother to help the puppies prevent any infections as their own immune systems develop.
Keep the puppies warm
Newborn English bulldog pups cannot yet control their body temperatures, so you must provide a warm environment. Keep the space 85-90°F for the first five days.
- After the first five days, you can slowly reduce the space to 80°F at day ten and then down to 75°F by the end of the bulldog puppies’ fourth week.
Watch the mother during nursing
Canine mastitis is always a possibility for nursing mothers in the first several weeks after whelping. The breasts should be warm and enlarged, but with canine mastitis, you may notice that they are red, dark, hot, or produce a painful reaction in the mother. Consult a vet immediately if this is the case.
Provide a postnatal diet to the mother
She may not eat much for several days after whelping. Once she starts eating again, ensure that you’re providing a diet high in calcium, phosphorous, and vitamin D. This will prevent the possibility of eclampsia.
- If you’re giving her a high-quality diet, then the necessary amounts should already be present in her current food.
- Symptoms of eclampsia include nervousness, an unsteady gait, muscle spasms, and whimpering. A vet can easily intervene with the condition as long as you properly notice it and seek care for the mother.
Hand feed any orphaned puppies
If the mother rejects any of the puppies, then you will have to hand feed them. Consult your vet for a commercial puppy formula and follow the instructions closely for the recommended feeding amounts and times for the pup.
- Do not simply try to use cow’s milk because this makes a very poor substitute, and the puppy will not receive the necessary nutrition from it.